By Graham A. Cosmas
Cosmas argues that the normal view of the struggle is from the “bottom up” simply because, whereas headlines have been being made approximately insufficient provides, disorder, and outmoded guns at flooring point, the civilian and army figures on the optimum ranks remained almost silent approximately how and why they made their judgements. This quantity, in keeping with in depth examine in documentary fabrics, together with the private papers of President William McKinley and Secretary of warfare Russell A. Alger, in addition to the voluminous records of Adjutant common Henry Clark Corbin and the quartermaster general’s places of work, indicates the daily growth of the battle because the highest-ranking officers observed it, digested it, and established next judgements on it.
Faced with budgetary strain from Congress, political strain from the states’ nationwide protect devices, and the president’s moving stand on targets for the conflict, the military used to be certainly sick ready for its surprising mobilization. Cosmas concludes that the army’s management used to be compelled right into a tough new place in 1898, one during which its personal new principles of administration and association coupled with the extensive new scope of nationwide political/military ambitions did not handle the particular conditions of the conflict. After the preliminary wartime mistakes, besides the fact that, the military solved adequate of its difficulties to make the campaigns in Puerto Rico and the Philippines run extra easily, even though with much less information price. As Cosmas indicates, the Spanish-American warfare used to be a foretaste of the recent century, prompting the formation of a latest employees and command approach that might profoundly adjust global history.
This paperback version of An military for Empire comprises the author’s 1994 preface; extra illustrations; and improved dialogue of African American squaddies, the land engagements at San Juan Hill and El Caney, and the interval among the August 1898 armistice and Secretary Alger’s departure a yr later.
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Extra info for An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War (Texas a & M University Military History Series)
The Puerto Rico Campaign, 235 Map 4. The Philippines: Central Luzon and the Manila Area, 238 Page x Guide to Footnote Abbreviations For the reader's convenience, a number of frequently cited sources with long, complicated titles are abbreviated as follows, throughout the footnotes. AGO Records: Records of The Adjutant General's Office. Correspondence: Correspondence Relating to the War with Spain and Conditions Growing out of the Same, . . between The Adjutant General of the Army and Military Commanders in the United States, Cuba, Porto Rico, China, and the Philippine Islands, from April 15, 1898, to July 30, 1902.
C. C. The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin The Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor, Michigan The William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan Thanks are also due to my graduate advisers, Professor Edward M. Coffman and Professor Richard N. Current, for their invaluable guidance and support at every stage of the project and to Professor Bernard H. C. C. ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA MAY, 1973 Page vii Contents Acknowledgments, v List of Illustrations and Maps, viii Guide to Footnote Abbreviations, x Preface to the Second Edition, xi Introduction, xv 1.
Transport Indiana receiving troops and freight at Pacific Mail Docks on eve of departure. S. A. Transports at Siboney, Cuba, 211 Capron's Battery in action on July 10, 1898, during siege of Santiago, Cuba, 212 Page ix Pack mules of the Fifth Corps supply train, 212 United States troops going to the front. S. Pack Train marching to the front during advance on Santiago, Cuba, 213 Surgeon General George M. S. Army, 249 Camp Thomas, Chickamauga Park, Sternberg Hospital, Third Army Corps. Nurses and convalescent patients, 251 Major General Grenville M.
An Army for Empire: The United States Army in the Spanish-American War (Texas a & M University Military History Series) by Graham A. Cosmas