By Bernard Baruch
American within the warfare. A record of the battle industries board
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Extra resources for American Industry in the War: A Report of the War Industries Board
Tlie Chairman of the Board from his earliest connection with this work conceived it as his highest duty to surround himself with men peculiarly qualified in temperament, knowledge, and experience for the jDarticular tasks as thej^ developed. It was not his theory to make Out of the very large a large paper organization before the facts. number of men from all sources who were brought to Washington for advice and discussion and for service during the earlier and more confused months of the council's work a large part of the Board's personnel was chosen.
Bolton, who in May, 1918, was succeeded by Kear Ailmiral F. F. Fletcher. ^ The clearance function, as developed through the commodity sections, was the means by whicli the record was maintained, commodity by commodity, of standing orders, and it was the means used for so distributing the Government orders that their benefit or their burden might be equitably shared by all the interests of the respective trades. Clearance, however,, was never effective as a means for developing a program of requirements.
But in addition to the general estimates of future requirements, on which the broader lines of regulation and control were based; before the end of the period the rule was established that all orders ready to be placed should first be sent to the Board for " clearance ". The commodity sections, on whom the burden of clearing rested. Avould act on these requests in one of six ways. (1) Clear without AMEinCAX INDUSTRY IX TIIK WAIt. 37 comment, in Avhich cnse the purchaser was permitted to <^o into the market and order as he saw fit; (2) clear with restriction as to the area in which the order might be placed; (3) clear with restriction as to the electric power system on which the order would draw; (4) clear subject to restrictions as to certain restrictions inhibiting the creation of new named plants or witii facilities for the execution of the order; (5) clear with an actual allocation of the order to a particular named source of supply; (G) clear with advice as to The application of this system varied with the peculiar problems incident to different lines of trade.
American Industry in the War: A Report of the War Industries Board by Bernard Baruch