By Thomas A. Britten
In the course of international struggle I, approximately 10,000 local americans both enlisted or have been drafted into the yank Expeditionary strength. 3 comparable questions are tested extensive for the 1st time during this booklet: What have been the battlefield reviews of local american citizens? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians impact their tasks? Did their wartime contributions bring about alterations in federal Indian coverage or their average of living?Many American Indians exclusive themselves scuffling with at the Western entrance. And compared to black and Mexican American infantrymen, Indians loved close to common admire while in uniform. To have fun their patriotism in the course of and after the conflict, Indians may well even practice a number of conventional ceremonies in a different way proscribed. either in wrestle and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions via Indian ladies, local american citizens was hoping their efforts might lead to a extra energetic program of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs persisted to chop overall healthiness and teaching programs and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a prime publication and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman
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Extra resources for American Indians in World War I: at home and at war
In the winter of 18911892, Captain William H. Clapa recruited Company I, Sixteenth Infantry, from the Rosebud agency in South Dakota. In February, military officials ordered the unit to Fort Douglas, Utah. Meanwhile, Company I, Tenth Infantry, comprised of Apaches from the desert Southwest, received orders to transfer from Fort Bowie, Arizona, to Fort Barrancas, Florida. When word Page 23 spread that Indian troops could not expect to remain close to their reservations, enlistment numbers plummeted.
Pershing, the future commander of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I, arrived at the Pine Ridge reservation to take charge of a company of Oglala Sioux. In April he led them on what must have been an extremely delicateand potentially volatilemission to police the Wounded Knee battlefield. Pershing was greatly impressed with the men under his care and when the assignment ended five months later, he commented favorably on the enlistment of Native Americans as regular soldiers. 34 Among the incentives to enlist was thirteen dollars a month for the first year of military service, a clothing allowance, comfortable quarters, three meals a day, medical care, and permission to recreate at the post canteen.
Writing for The Illustrated American in 1895, Thomas H. "43 He cited the Indians' lack of discipline, ignorance, and marrying at a young age as the primary reasons for the experiment's failure. 44 Hugh L. Scott attributed the failure of enlisting units of Native American soldiers to high-ranking military officials who were angry with General Schofield for mustering out white men and replacing them with Indians. In wake of the depression of 1893 and subsequent high unemployment, white enlisted men were bitter about losing their jobs to Native Americans.
American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten