By Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey
A few imagine that matters to do with medical technique are final century's stale debate; Popper used to be an recommend of method, yet Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are purported to have introduced the controversy approximately its prestige to an finish. The papers during this quantity exhibit that concerns in technique are nonetheless a great deal alive. the various papers reinvestigate matters within the debate over method, whereas others set out new ways that the talk has built within the final decade. The publication can be of curiosity to philosophers and scientists alike within the reassessment it offers of past debates approximately technique and present instructions of study.
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Additional info for After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method
P. 230). Carnap's inductive logic also needs supplementing with methodological rules concerning the decisions that are to be made in the light of one's observations and available hypotheses. , sections 50 and 51). THEORIES OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD 17 Such methodological rules, which Carnap must add to his account of inductive logic, go beyond methodology understood merely as the heuristics of theoremproving as in deductive logic. In fact some methodology is required if Carnap's inductive logic is to have any application at all in either scientific or every-day contexts.
That is, the cluster of values are science and paradigm transcendent. (3) The model may be either descriptive or normative. Kuhn does not make it clear whether his model is to be understood as a description of how scientists do in fact make their choices, or whether it is to be understood normatively in that it tells us how we ought to make choices. If the latter then there is a need for a justification of the norms it embodies. (4) Kuhn says that the values may be imprecise and be applied by different scientists in different ways.
For Popper the paradigms of great or heroic science are the laws of Kepler and the theories of Newton and Einstein; instances of disreputable science are those of Marx, Freud and Adler. Popper's new meta-methodological criterion for assessing SMs is the following procedure: any acceptable SM must capture those sciences on the great/heroic list and miss none out (otherwise some other SM might do better); and it must capture none of the sciences on the disreputable list (on pain of refutation). Popper does not say how the two lists are drawn up; but given the lists they constitute a (fallible) foundation against which SMs can be tested in much the same way that scientific observations are a (fallible) foundation against which scientific theories can be tested.
After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method by Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey